Word study tool for ancient languages
Welcome to Palaeolexicon!
Welcome to Palaeolexicon
The word study tool for ancient languages
Discover a world of ancient writing systems

and languages such as...

Anatolian languages
e.g. Carian, Lydian, Hattic
Old Norse
and many more...
Start exploring the ancient world now!

    Palaeolexicon is a tool for the study of ancient languages. Its name derives from the Greek words palaeo meaning 'old' and lexicon meaning 'dictionary'.
    If you're interested of the ancient world and its languages, then this is a site for you. It is a place for people who love historical linguistics and ancient history.

    Want to know more? Please have a look on our about page.

    Random picks - Did you know these words?
    Proto-Kartvelian: me- “I”
    Urartian: šani “vessel, pot”
    Carian: tkraβiś “personal name”
    Proto-Indo-European: *gʷer- “mount”
    Old Norse: vera “to be, exist”
    2015-02-01 - Server downtime
    We would like to apologize for the downtime of Palaeolexicon. Unfortunately, the server had a hardware failure and needed a complete rebuild.

    Everything is now restored!
    2014-12-28 - Tocharian B dictionary, a gift for 2015
    The Tocharian B word list is now  available under the languages section! 
    2014-11-11 - The Vikings are here!
    It took some time, but it is finaly here! A browsable old Norse dictionary including the runes is available under the languages section. On top of that you get a proto-Kartvelian word list as a bonus. Meanwhile a massive update with a browsable Tocharian B dictionary is on the way.

    2014-08-21 - The Eteocypriot dictionary!
    A new dictionary is available under the Aegean-Anatolian branch of the language tree called Eteocypriot. Eteocypriot is an unknown language (or languages) that appears in various Cypriot documents. Even though it is possible to read it, the language(s) is not understood and therefore the "dictionary" (it is more of a word index actually) has no meanings attached to its words. Basic commentary regarding the inscriptions is available, but work is still in progress.

    2014-07-16 - The black sea deluge, the Samothracian language and a new ancient Macedonian inscription
    There are new articles available on the articles section:
    1. The great deluge - a pre-Abrahamic version of the flood as told by the people of Samothrace
    2. One more ancient Macedonian inscription?

    2014-06-28 - The index of pre-Greek toponyms has been released
    We're happy to announce the release of the index of pre-Greek toponyms. You will find it in the languages page, under the tab "other dictionaries". The commenting is still laconic, but we will add more information on the way. As always, work is always being done in the background. 
    2014-06-20 - Proto-Albanian word list released
    We are glad to announce the first part of the Proto-Albanian word-list. This is just a small body of words, but more are going to be added gradually. It is well documented and has lexical comparisons. You will find the dictionary under the Palaeo-Balkan languages in the language tree.

    Also, don't miss our latest article: Zurna, davul and other ancient Anatolian instruments
    2014-03-16 - The Proto-Indo-European and Proto-Turkic dictionaries are now browsable
    As you might have noticed, the Proto-Indo-European and Proto-Turkic dictionaries have been searchable for some time. They are now also available for browsing, letter by letter.
    2014-03-07 - New language article available: The Hattians and the Hattic language
    It has been almost 1 1/2 year since we released the Hattic dictionary, but unfortunately there has been no language presentation. Although there're more things to add, this is probably the richest article on the Hattic language you will find online.


    Url: http://www.palaeolexicon.com/Hattic 
    2014-03-01 - Pre-Greek studies volume I
    Today, we kick off with a series of articles called "Pre-Greek studies", focusing on the language pre-history of the Helladic region. We've got a great contribution by Giampaolo Tardivo, regarding the Pre-Greek language and its relation to its neighbouring non-Indo-European languages in Anatolia and Caucasus.

    Read the article here: Promitheus or Amirani
    or download the PDF: G.P. Tardivo - Promitheus or Amirani