Word study tool for ancient languages
Welcome to Palaeolexicon!
Welcome to Palaeolexicon
The word study tool for ancient languages
Discover a world of ancient writing systems

and languages such as...

Anatolian languages
e.g. Hittite, Luwian, Carian, Lydian, Hattic
Old Norse
and many more...
Start exploring the ancient world now!

    Palaeolexicon is a tool for the study of ancient languages. Its name derives from the Greek words palaeo meaning 'old' and lexicon meaning 'dictionary'.
    If you're interested of the ancient world and its languages, then this is a site for you. It is a place for people who love historical linguistics and ancient history.

    Want to know more? Please have a look on our about page.

    Random picks - Did you know these words? Follow us on Instagram!
    Proto-Tungus: *beǯun “multitude”
    Armenian: slak “shot”
    Safaitic: dmyt “image”
    Old Persian: A-i-na “name of the father of Naditabira”
    Hittite: ke-et-kar “at the head of, on top”
    Instagram Social media have not been our strongest point, but you can now follow us on Instagram. Every week we're posting some wonderful images related to archaeology and linguistics. Sites, inscriptions, statues, peculiar artifacts and many more.
    2016-05-21 - Time for an update?
    It feels like it is time for an update on the UI. We'd like to make it more responsive for all you out there browsing from smaller devices. Just because we're silent doesn't mean we're not working on it. The following 3-6 months are going to be productive, not just in a user experience level but also in terms of introducing new dictionaries. Stay tuned!
    2015-10-01 - Let the Hittites and the Luwians speak!

    We're so excited to announce that the Hittite and Luwian dictionaries are now available for browsing! For starters we provide you the basic vocabulary (with cuneiform representations), but as time passes the dictionaries will be enriched with more words. You will find the dictionaries in the "Languages" page, under Indo-European/Anatolian. 
    2015-07-31 - Summer update
    There are some nice updates and news available this for you week:

    1. There's a new article about the biblical Goliath and the etymology of his name. Was he a Carian?
    2. We've got a new, very useful tool available that will help you with the basic sound correspondences between major Indo-European groups.
    3. We're working on some new dictionaries, specifically cuneiform Luwian, Hittite and Ancient Macedonian. 
    2015-04-18 - Safaitic is the first Semitic language to enter the list of public dictionaries!
    The first Semitic language to have a public dictionary is Safaitic, an ancient north Arabic dialect. There was not even a font for it, so we had to create one from scratch. It's not a beauty, but we will improve it by time. When it is good enough, we will release it for free.

    As for the dictionary, it is by no means complete. It is more or less the basic vocabulary.
    2014-12-28 - Tocharian B dictionary, a gift for 2015
    The Tocharian B word list is now  available under the languages section! 
    2014-11-11 - The Vikings are here!
    It took some time, but it is finaly here! A browsable old Norse dictionary including the runes is available under the languages section. On top of that you get a proto-Kartvelian word list as a bonus. Meanwhile a massive update with a browsable Tocharian B dictionary is on the way.
    2014-08-21 - The Eteocypriot dictionary!
    A new dictionary is available under the Aegean-Anatolian branch of the language tree called Eteocypriot. Eteocypriot is an unknown language (or languages) that appears in various Cypriot documents. Even though it is possible to read it, the language(s) is not understood and therefore the "dictionary" (it is more of a word index actually) has no meanings attached to its words. Basic commentary regarding the inscriptions is available, but work is still in progress.
    2014-07-16 - The black sea deluge, the Samothracian language and a new ancient Macedonian inscription
    There are new articles available on the articles section:
    1. The great deluge - a pre-Abrahamic version of the flood as told by the people of Samothrace
    2. One more ancient Macedonian inscription?

    2014-06-28 - The index of pre-Greek toponyms has been released
    We're happy to announce the release of the index of pre-Greek toponyms. You will find it in the languages page, under the tab "other dictionaries". The commenting is still laconic, but we will add more information on the way. As always, work is always being done in the background. 
    2014-06-20 - Proto-Albanian word list released
    We are glad to announce the first part of the Proto-Albanian word-list. This is just a small body of words, but more are going to be added gradually. It is well documented and has lexical comparisons. You will find the dictionary under the Palaeo-Balkan languages in the language tree.

    Also, don't miss our latest article: Zurna, davul and other ancient Anatolian instruments